Places to Visit in China
China: The Perfect Itinerary for Beginners
Splendidly diverse in its ethnic, geographic, social make-up and culinary, China is a large and must visit Asian country that is exotic and mysterious. With cutting edge architecture, huge cities adding up in suburbs, developing at unmatched rate in human history, this is the nation on the march. After decades of its economic growth, this country has not lost its fascination. The contrast between modern state and ancient customs has only increased fascination with a culture. As big as continent, the country offers limitless opportunities for adventure. Below given are places to visit in China:
- The Great Wall of China
Known as Long Wall or Changcheng in Chinese, Great Wall of China stretches more than 65,000 kilometers from fortresses of Shanhaiguan to Jiayuguan. It was constructed on the orders of China’s first emperor, Qin in the 3rd century BC. The wall passes through Tientsin, Hebei and Beijing- where visitors can visit best preserved section of the wall. Averaging six to eight meters in height, but rises as high as 16 meters in places, the wall has host of battlements and watchtowers. Today, the most visited section of the wall is near Badaling Pass which can be easily reached by public transport.
- Terracotta Army
Terracotta Army is collection of terracotta sculptures which depict the armies of Qin Shin Huang. It was in 1970s when farmers were digging wells on the outskirts of Xi’an and stumbled across this important archeological find. A museum has been constructed over the area, with largest pit enclosed with a large structure. Built to guard the First Emperor’s tomb, there were more than 8,000 life-size warriors, 520 horses and more 100 chariots were distributed to more than three underground pits. The site is one of China’s most important tourist destinations and offers unforgettable experience.
- Forbidden City
China’s most important and largest building, Forbidden City is in the heart of Beijing and must-see attraction in Beijing, China. Also known as Imperial Palace, it was constructed from 1406 to 1420 and has 980 buildings covering 180 acres of land. Declared as World heritage Site in 1987, the palace is listed as largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world by UNESCO. It has earned its nickname due to the fact that normal citizens were not allowed to enter the palace other than imperial family and their courtesans.
- Summer Palace
At 15-kilometer commute from Beijing, Imperial Summer Palace is set amid 700 acres of beautiful parkland and serves as popular tourist destination. It is vast ensemble of gardens, lakes and palaces in Beijing. Built in 1153, its large lake was added in 14th century. It is mainly dominated by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake. In 1998, it was listed as World Heritage side by UNESCO and was declared as “masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design”. The natural landscape of hills is combined with artificial features such as halls, pavilions, palaces, temples and bridges.
- Potala Palace
Potala Palace was once residence of Dalai Lama and is now museum and World Heritage Site. This magnificent palace is named after Mount Potalaka. The palace measures 350 meters north-south and 400 meters east-west with stone walls averaging 3 meters thick. The first two Potala Palaces –Red Palace, was built in 17th century and features most important shrines. Other highlights of Red Palace are vast halls and elaborate tombs. The second palace, White Palace, was completed in 1648 and has sleeping quarters, reception rooms, and study; and is most untouched part since 1959.
- Yangtze River
Known as Chang Jiang in China, Yangtze River is longest river in Asia and third-longest in the world. Flowing from Tibet to Shanghai through eight provinces, this river extends more than 6,000 kilometers. The river drains one-fifth of land area of People’s Republic of China and sixth-largest river by discharge volume in world. From thousands years, the river has been used for irrigation, water, transportation, sanitation, boundary marking and war. Additionally, the Three Gorges Dam on this river is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world.
- Li River
The town of Guilin boasts China’s most beautiful countryside and is famous for crystal clear rivers and mountains. Li River is such river which flows from Guilin to Yangshuo through 8.0 kilometers of dense reed-beds, bamboo forests, remarkable rock formations and caves with unique names such as Reed Flute Cave, Mount of Unique Beauty and Elephant Trunk Hill. From hundreds of years, this unique scenery has attracted artist and poets, and has been subject of countless fairy tales. The best way to enjoy the area is to take boat trip along Li River, which is really a romantic getaway.